Journal Article Reporting Standards (JARS)
APA Style JARS on the EQUATOR Network
Use JARS–Quant when you collect your study data in numerical form or report them through statistical analyses.
Use JARS–Qual when you collect your study data in the form of natural language and expression.
Use JARS–Mixed when your study combines both quantitative and qualitative methods.
What is APA Style JARS?
APA Style Journal Article Reporting Standards (APA Style JARS) are a set of guidelines designed for journal authors, reviewers, and editors to enhance scientific rigor in peer-reviewed journal articles. Educators and students can use APA Style JARS as teaching and learning tools for conducting high quality research and determining what information to report in scholarly papers.
The guidelines include information on what should be included in all manuscript sections for:
- Quantitative research (JARS–Quant)
- Qualitative research (JARS–Qual)
- Mixed methods research (JARS–Mixed)
Using these standards will make your research clearer and more accurate as well as more transparent for readers. For quantitative research, using the standards will increase the reproducibility of science. For qualitative research, using the standards will increase the methodological integrity of research.
For more information on APA Style JARS:
- Read Editorial: Journal Article Reporting Standards
- View an infographic (PDF, 453KB) to learn about the benefits of JARS and how they are relevant to you
- Listen to a podcast with Drs. Harris Cooper and David Frost discussing JARS and implications for research in psychology
Many aspects of research methodology warrant a close look, and journal editors can promote better methods if we encourage authors to take responsibility to report their work in clear, understandable ways.
Watch a video about JARS
This video describes and discusses the updated APA Style Journal Article Reporting Standards.
Reporting Qualitative Research in Psychology
Journal article reporting standards for qualitative research
Reporting Quantitative Research in Psychology
Journal article reporting standards for quantitative research
Publication Manual, 7th Edition
The official source for writing papers and creating references in seventh edition APA Style